1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Steam Locomotive
"#6" is a Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive acquired new by the Moscow, Camden & San Augustine Railroad owned by the W.T. Carter & Brother company to to move fresh cut lumber in East Texas. The company was known to add a passenger car at the rear of the train during the summer to provide rides for locals and tourists. It cost fifty cents to travel the seven miles of the MC & SA. #6 stayed in operation until the mid 1950s. An enthusiast color movie - scroll down for captured images - shows it to be in very poor condition at the end of its service life. It was found, with other abandoned MC & SA steam locomotives, by museum volunteers in the early 1970s. Hopes that it could be returned to active service proved unfounded - its boiler and fire box are too far gone. It would require a frame-up restoration which would cost well over $10 million. But its second life as a static display is not without its value. It is seen and photographed by tens of thousands of people every year.
Original Baldwin delivery document for the 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 on the Moscow, Camden and St. Augustine Railroad. The locomotive and tender are now located at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas
Original Baldwin specification sheet for the 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 on the Moscow, Camden and St. Augustine Railroad. The locomotive and tender are now located at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas
Presented here are just two of the many original Baldwin Locomotive Company documents the museum acquired along with the locomotives in 1971. It seems that the locomotive was returned to Baldwin around 1929, to be converted from being wood fired to oil fired. The documents state #6 was built in January 1911 for the company. More documents in our bulging files are from the Interstate Commerce Commission in Washington D.C. requesting updates on the locomotive for their files since the originals, filed in 1911 were missing. In addition, all subsequent work, modifications and repairs were voluminously documented. The engine was relatively trouble free, according to the inspection reports.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 pulling a passenger car on the Moscow, Camden and St. Augustine Railroad. The locomotive and tender are now located at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 running on the Moscow, Camden and St. Augustine Railroad in East Texas. The car on the road had a spectacular view.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 being turned on the Moscow Camden and St. Augustine Railroad human powered turn table. The locomotive is now located at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas.

1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 at the Moscow Camden and St. Augustine Railroad. The locomotive is now located at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam olcomotive #6 at the Moscow Camden and St. Augustine Railroad train shed. The locomotive is now located at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas.
The towns of Moscow and Camden, being so small, are hard to find on most maps. They are 6.8 miles apart in Polk County, southwest of Lufkin, near to Livingstone, not too far from the Louisiana border. The railroad never actually made it to the town of St. Augustine. The railroad was wholly owned by the W.T. Carter & Brother Company, and existed to serve its logging operations out there in the lush red dirt woodlands. Southern Pacific had a depot in Moscow and freight would be transferred between the two railroads. Although the service was entirely a freight operation, a passenger car would be added for the benefit of tourists, and the revenue accruing from such sightseers. The M.C. & S.A. is still in business to this day, and it still offers limited passenger service, but, of course it uses diesel electrics now to power its trains.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 on the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad. The locomotive is now on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 on the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad in 1941. The locomotive is now on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 on the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad's surplus equipment side track. The locomotive was "rescued" by the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 on the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad's surplus equipment side track. The locomotive was "rescued" by the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas
Locomotive #6 was built by the Baldwin Locomotive Company in 1910. It is a Consolidation class engine with a 2-8-0 wheel configuration. It was given its number by it's one previous owner, the C.W. Carter & Brothers Lumber Company. It was operated on the Moscow, Camden & St. Augustine railroad. The company changed ownership and name but #6 soldiered on. These captured images are from "American Steam, A Vanishing Era, Steam Shortlines of the South". It is still available on VCR for around $5.00 plus shipping. Use Google to find a vendor. The section of the DVD concerning #6 shows it in operation on the Moscow, Camden and St. Augustine Railroad in the 1960s, not long before it was retired from operations. You see the engineer greasing the side rods, and both crew members, the brakeman and the engineer turning the locomotive on a human powered turn table. The movie is a blend of several visits to the line, from summer to winter. On some occasions the train had a mixed freight consist, with a combination passenger and freight car at the rear. The movie commentary notes #6 was leaking steam from multiple places, a sure sign that its maintenance was poor at the end of its working life.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Constitution Class locomotive #6. Movie image capture of #6 on the MC & SA Railroad, the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine RR, in the 1960's.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Constitution Class locomotive #6. Movie image capture of #6 on the MC & SA Railroad, the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine RR, in the 1960's.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Constitution Class locomotive #6. Movie image capture of #6 on the MC & SA Railroad, the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine RR, in the 1960's.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Constitution Class locomotive #6. Movie image capture of #6 on the MC & SA Railroad, the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine RR, in the 1960's.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Constitution Class locomotive #6. Movie image capture of #6 on the MC & SA Railroad, the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine RR, in the 1960's.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Constitution Class locomotive #6. Movie image capture of #6 on the MC & SA Railroad, the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine RR, in the 1960's.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Constitution Class locomotive #6. Movie image capture of #6 on the MC & SA Railroad, the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine RR, in the 1960's.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Constitution Class locomotive #6. Movie image capture of #6 on the MC & SA Railroad, the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine RR, in the 1960's.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Constitution Class locomotive #6. Movie image capture of #6 on the MC & SA Railroad, the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine RR, in the 1960's.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Constitution Class locomotive #6. Movie image capture of #6 on the MC & SA Railroad, the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine RR, in the 1960's.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Constitution Class locomotive #6. Movie image capture of #6 on the MC & SA Railroad, the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine RR, in the 1960's.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Constitution Class locomotive #6. Movie image capture of #6 on the MC & SA Railroad, the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine RR, in the 1960's.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Constitution Class locomotive #6. Movie image capture of #6 on the MC & SA Railroad, the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine RR, in the 1960's.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Constitution Class locomotive #6. Movie image capture of #6 on the MC & SA Railroad, the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine RR, in the 1960's.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Constitution Class locomotive #6. Movie image capture of #6 on the MC & SA Railroad, the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine RR, in the 1960's.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Constitution Class locomotive #6. Movie image capture of #6 on the MC & SA Railroad, the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine RR, in the 1960's.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Constitution Class locomotive #6. Movie image capture of #6 on the MC & SA Railroad, the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine RR, in the 1960's.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Constitution Class locomotive #6. Movie image capture of #6 on the MC & SA Railroad, the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine RR, in the 1960's.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Constitution Class locomotive #6. Movie image capture of #6 on the MC & SA Railroad, the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine RR, in the 1960's.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 Constitution Class locomotive #6. Movie image capture of #6 on the MC & SA Railroad, the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine RR, in the 1960's.
The locomotive was acquired from the US Plywood-Champion Paper Company, of Camden, East Texas, the latest incarnation of the long established paper and wood by-products company. The locomotive was the "best of the bunch" of quite a few old, abandoned locomotives in their possession. It weighs 55 tons and was last operated by the M C & SA RR in 1953. It has exceptionally low "chassis" miles for a steam locomotive - only 90,000. It's riveted boiler construction is illegal in Bexar County, following a catastrophic boiler explosion in 1925, so the whole boiler and ancillary arrangements would have to be re-made in order to make it run, legally, again.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 on the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad's surplus equipment side track. The locomotive was "rescued" by the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 on the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad's surplus equipment side track. The locomotive was "rescued" by the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 tender on the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad's surplus equipment side track. The locomotive was "rescued" by the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 on the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad's surplus equipment side track. The locomotive was "rescued" by the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 in Georgetown, Texas where it stayed untouched for 15 years. The locomotive was "rescued" by the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad being transported to the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad. The locomotive is now on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas.
Though it was acquired by the museum as far back as 1971, #6 did not arrive at the museum until 1984. It spent the intervening years in Georgetown, Texas. The agreement, it seems was that the folks up there would rebuild the locomotive and many San Antonio volunteers trekked up to Georgetown to help out. The facilities in Georgetown were better than what was available at the still new museum. The plans are vague and lost in the mists of time, so suffice it to say that the folks up there did not do much with it, the agreement expired and the locomotive was returned to its owners, namely the museum.
#6 posing as #763 of M K & T for a movie. Tires were set on fire in the smoke box. When the train was pushed by a diesel from the rear, it looked like #6 was under steam.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas. Out in the sun, the locomotive needs frequent paint jobs.
Painting a 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas in the mid 1990s. Notice the Pullman McKeever sleeper car was also being painted.
Checking inderneath a 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas.
During it's time in Georgetown it was featured in a movie. It was "dressed up" as the M.K. & T. 736, for its role. To enable it to produce smoke while it was moving, tires were burned in the fire box. The smoke was expelled through the stack due to normal convection as the wheels turned, producing a most realistic effect. A hidden diesel at the rear of the train provided the real motivation. No one at the museum seems to know what the movie was called. It was probably a forgettable western. As it was retired in 1956, some of the images included here may be stills from the film, judging by at least one car in the background and the higher quality of the pictures. #6 was immediately returned to its correct identity upon its arrival at TTM. It has been painted several times since, due to the powerful nature of the sun in Texas. It has been installed as the head piece of our static display. It also is a very prominent feature of our Christmas Extravaganza.
Painting a 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas in the mid 1990s.
Painting a 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas in the mid 1990s.
Painting a 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas in the mid 1990s.

1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas in 2011.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 during a brief snow event, Juanuary 2011.
#6 display takes a terrible beating from the Texas sun. Ideally the entire static display would be placed under a shed to protect it and reduce the temperature inside the cars. While a number of plans have been floated, funds to make it happen have yet to be accumulated.
Fireman's view, to the left on a 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas.
Fireman's view to the right on a 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas.
TTM's static railroad display: A 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 locomotive, a 1924 Pullman sleeper car, the 'McKeever, and a 1926 Santa Fe Business Car, the "404".
TTM's 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 locomotive. Photo by Mingo Molina.
TTM's 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 locomotive. Photo by Mingo Molina.
TTM's 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 locomotive. Photo by Mingo Molina.
TTM's static railroad display: A 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 locomotive, a 1924 Pullman sleeper car, the 'McKeever, and a 1926 Santa Fe Business Car, the "404". Photo by Mingo Molina.
TTM's 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 locomotive. Photo by Mingo Molina.
TTM's 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 locomotive. Photo by Mingo Molina.
TTM's 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 locomotive. Photo by Mingo Molina.
TTM's 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 locomotive. Photo by Mingo Molina.
TTM's static railroad display: A 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 locomotive, a 1924 Pullman sleeper car, the 'McKeever, and a 1926 Santa Fe Business Car, the "404". Photo by Mingo Molina.
TTM's 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 locomotive. Photo by Mingo Molina.
TTM's static railroad display: A 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 locomotive, a 1924 Pullman sleeper car, the 'McKeever, and a 1926 Santa Fe Business Car, the "404". Photo by Mingo Molina.
TTM's 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 locomotive and a 1926 Ford Model T.
TTM's 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 locomotive and a 1926 Ford Model T with Mingo Molina.
TTM's 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 locomotive and a 1926 Ford Model T.
TTM's 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 locomotive and 1928 Durant Coupe.
TTM's 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 locomotive and 1954 Baldwin diesel-electric
TTM's 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 locomotive and 1954 Baldwin diesel-electric
By 2009 #6 was in need of being repainted yet again. TTM volunteer John Denny took on the task - by himself! Never underestimate the capacity of a committed individual! Despite the record breaking, heat of 2009, John accomplished a minor miracle. As mentioned, our long term goal is to build a train shed over the entire length of the static display. This will go a long way to protect it from the elements.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas, freshly painted in August 2009.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas, freshly painted in August 2009.
John Denny painting a 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas."#6" in August 2009.
John Denny and a youth member painting a 1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas, in August 2009.
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas, June 2013
1911 Baldwin 2-8-0 steam locomotive #6 from the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad on display at the Texas Transportation Museum in San Antonio, Texas.
TTM's 1911 Baldwin during Santa's Railroad Wonderland, 2011
TTM's 1911 Baldwin during Santa's Railroad Wonderland, 2012
TTM's 1911 Baldwin with the Lonhghorn & Western depot in the background. Feb. 2013
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11731 Wetmore Road
San Antonio, Texas 78247
(210) 490-3554
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Technical Specifications and Dates
#6 was built in 1911 for the C.W. Carter & Brothers Company who operated it on the Moscow Camden & St. Augustine Railroad.
Builder's plate number - 35816
Converted from wood to oil burning in 1929
Light weight - 110,000 lbs
Operating weight - 155,000 lbs. (93,000 - locomotive, 62,000 - tender)
2 - 8 - 0 wheel arrangement, with 44" drivers, 24" front truck wheels.
Two pistons, 16" diameter, 24" stroke. Operating pressure - 170 lbs psi.
The boiler is 54" in diameter, with 116 2 inch diameter, 12 foot long tubes
#6 has 20,000 lbs of tractive effort
The tender holds 3,000 gallons of water and 1,200 gallons of fuel
Last operated by MC&SA RR in 1956
Acquired by TTM in 1970
1971 - Transported to Georgetown, Texas, for rebuild and possible use on a tourist railroad, which never materialized.
Finally arrived at TTM on 8/4/1984
8/5/1984 - the MK&T numbers put on #6 for a movie were painted over